Succulent plants are among the most drought tolerant and easiest to maintain plants as long as they are planted into a light, porous soil mix in a pot with good drainage and as much bright light as possible, with watering kept to a minimum.
Overwatering Is one of the most common reasons for being unable to successfully grow succulents. Once a week thorough watering is best to ensure the roots get water and enough time passes to let soil dry. When temperature is cooler or light conditions are lower in winter months, less frequent watering is recommended, perhaps every two weeks would be adequate. Generally, the thicker the succulent leaves, the less watering the plant needs. Even if succulent leaves become soft to the touch, wrinkled or droopy, after watering they will quickly recover.
It is preferable to use dechlorinated water and not water from a water softener as the sodium levels may be too high and can be harmful to plants.
Planting in a porous container with a drainage hole will also reduce risk of overwatering. Terra Cotta or glazed ceramic pots are good choices.
A decorative container without drainage holes can be used but extra care with watering must be taken in order to add just enough water to dampen the soil.
Provide your succulent with as much sunlight as possible, 6 or more hours is best. If your succulents are not getting enough light they will stretch and get tall with increased space between leaves. If this occurs, move the succulent to a brighter light location and pinch, or cut back the succulent with lean, sharp scissors or shears to encourage branching from the base of the plant.
Commercial soil mixes are readily available for succulents and cacti. These mixes are usually a blend of peat moss, coconut coir or pine bark with perlite or rock grit. We have experimented with a variety of mixes and will have available our own brand of potting mix suitable for succulents.
During the active growing season (Spring through early Fall) fertilizing the succulents can be done every time they are watered using a 20-20-20 water soluble fertilizer at a rate of 5ml in 10 liters of water. During lower light late Fall and Winter months, discontinue fertilizing
Occasionally insect pests can appear on your succulents. A pyrethrum based "Green" insecticide will kill a variety of insects from aphids to mealy bugs if sprayed evenly on plants, taking care to spray under leaves as well. Repeat application in 7-10 days when insects are present. Inspect plants regularly for insect activity to reduce the chances of a large infestation.
Make sure safety precautions are taken when applying any sprays, which should include a respiratory mask and rubber gloves.